There are many types of bonds (surety bonds, probate bonds, bid bonds, permit bonds and so on.)
Here are a few of the most common bond types. When calling for a bond please specify the type of bond you want information about. This way we can handle your situation at once.
“Remember, buying a bond is not like buying a gallon of milk at the store.”
A bond meant to guarantee that a bidder of a contract (i.e. construction contract) enters that bid in good faith and will properly execute the contract if the bid is successful.
Bonds required by businesses (other than contractors) to guarantee completion of service.
A bond that provides financial security and construction assurance on building/construction jobs. It assures the project owner that the contractor will perform the contracted work and/or pay subcontractors, laborers, and suppliers.
A bond issued to protect an employer from financial or property losses due to the dishonesty of employees. Often these bonds are issued when an employer hires “high risk” employees.
License and Permit Bonds
Bonds required to obtain a license or permit from a city, county, state, or occasionally the federal government. The purpose is usually to safeguard the public.
The party a bond protects from loss; the beneficiary of the bond. For example the project owner on a construction site.
A bond given to guarantee payment, usually of a contractor to sub-contractors and suppliers. This is frequently the only protection offered those supplying work or materials to a public job.
Bonds guaranteeing performance of the terms of a contract. These protect the owner of the contract from financial loss should the contractor refuse or be unable to fulfill the contract obligations.
The person or business whose obligations are guaranteed by a bond.
A person (or entity), who is legally responsible for the contracts, debt, delinquency, or liability of another.
A Bond that is a three party agreement between a contractor (Principal), the project owner (Obligee), and the surety company. The bond insures that the contracted work will be completed on time and on budget and will cover any losses incurred by poor contract performance.
Surety bonds of all types play a critical role in making the construction industry work. Since most jobs are performed by private forms, it’s critical that there is a certain level of faith on the part of consumers, state and local regulatory agencies, and subcontractors. Surety bonds are a good way to increase the comfort level of all parties and exist for a wide variety of functions, including reassuring homeowners that a job will be completed on time and according to contract, assuring that suppliers will be paid for work and material they supplied, and even making sure that federal construction projects are completed as the contract stipulates.
Payment bonds are a large part of the surety bond process for construction jobs. These bonds ensure that subcontractors will be paid according to the terms set forth in the contract, which can be critical for jobs on property which is not privately owned. Mechanic’s liens, which ensure payment of outstanding debts upon sale of a property, can be placed on private property but not on public property. The payment bond essentially takes the place of a mechanic’s lien when a contractor or subcontractor is working on a piece of public property. However, since surety bonds are required by federal law for all projects in excess of $100,000, many jobs on private property also involve a payment bond.
If there is a claim on the bond due to nonpayment or other contractual breech, the subcontractor (or other wronged party) files a claim on the bond. If the claim is found to be a valid one, the surety company who issued the bond will make sure that the wronged party is compensated in some way for their loss by the contractor who purchased the bond. Since this procedure effectively brings a neutral third party in to execute the agreement, it can provide a certain measure of reassurance to all involved with any project, particularly those involving lots of money.
The bond is purchased by the contractor during the contract negotiation phase of a construction job, and is generally bought from a surety bond company or, in rare cases, an insurance company (though surety bonds are not insurance and should not be mistaken for such). The rate and amount is subject to both the size of the job and the contractor’s own credit rating and financial history. Should the contractor fail to qualify for a normal type bond, special subpar credit bonds can be purchased for a considerably larger premium.